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2010年温家宝总理政府工作报告中英对照英语翻译英文版本(4)

(八)努力建设人民满意的服务型政府

8. Working hard to build a service-oriented government that the people are satis ed with

一年来,政府自身改革和建设取得新进展。为应对各种困难,我们特别注意发扬民主、倾听基层群众意见,重视维护群众利益。广大公务员兢兢业业、勤勉尽责,为保增长、保民生、保稳定作出了积极贡献。但是政府工作与人民的期望还有较大差距。职能转变不到位,对微观经济干预过多,社会管理和公共服务比较薄弱;一些工作人员依法行政意识不强;一些领导干部脱离群众、脱离实际,形式主义、官僚主义严重;一些领域腐败现象易发多发。我们要以转变职能为核心,深化行政管理体制改革,大力推进服务型政府建设,努力为各类市场主体创造公平的发展环境,为人民群众提供良好的公共服务,维护社会公平正义。

Over the past year, new progress was made in government self-reform and self-development. To deal with dif culties of all kinds, we paid particular attention to promoting democracy, listening to the opinions of the masses, and protecting their interests. Our civil servants are devoted, diligent and responsible, and they made positive contributions to sustaining economic growth and ensuring people's well-being and maintaining stability. Nevertheless, the government's work still fell considerably short of public expectations. The transformation of government functions is incomplete; there is too much government interference in the micro-economy, and public administration and services are relatively weak. Some government employees give too little consideration to carrying out their of cial duties in accordance with the law; some leading cadres are divorced from reality and the masses, and are excessively formalistic and bureaucratic; and some areas are prone to corruption. With the focus on transforming government functions, we will deepen reform of the administrative system, work hard to make the government devoted to SerViell, strive to create a fair development environment for all types of market entities, deliver quality public services to the masses, and uphold social fairness and justice.

我们要全面正确履行政府职能,更加重视公共服务和社会管理。加快健全覆盖全民的公共服务体系,全面增强基本公共服务能力。健全重大自然灾害、突发公共安全事件应急处理机制。加强防灾减灾能力建设。加强食品药品质量监管,做好安全生产工作,遏制重特大事故发生。

We will fully and properly perform government functions and attach greater importance to public services and administration. We will quickly improve the public service system with full coverage for all, and comprehensively improve our ability to provide basic public services. We will improve the mechanisms for responding to major natural disasters and emergencies that threaten public safety. We will improve our ability to prevent and mitigate natural disasters. We will strengthen the oversight and supervision of food and drug quality. We will ensure workplace safety and reduce the occurrence of major accidents.

要适应新形势,推进社会管理体制改革和创新,合理调节社会利益关系。认真解决企业改制、征地拆迁、环境保护、劳动争议、涉法涉诉等领域损害群众利益的突出问题,保障人民群众的合法权益。加强和改进信访工作。改善流动人口管理和服务。加强社会治安综合治理,着力解决突出治安问题,防范和依法严厉打击各类违法犯罪活动,维护国家安全和社会稳定。

We need to adapt to new circumstances, promote reform and innovation in the public administration system, and properly adjust the relationships between different interests. We will earnestly deal with serious infringements on the interests of the people related to conversion of enterprises to a stockholding system, land expropriation, housing demolition and resident relocation, environmental protection, labor disputes, and legal and litigation issues in order to safeguard the people's lawful rights and interests. We will improve the handling of public complaints lodged via letters or visits. We will improve supervision of and services for the oating population. We will strengthen all facets of public security, focus on resolving serious public security issues, and guard against and severely crack down on crimes of all sorts in accordance with the law in order to safeguard national security and social stability.

要努力提高执行力和公信力。坚持决策的科学化、民主化,使各项政策更加符合实际、经得起检验。加强对政策执行情况的检查监督,做到令行禁止。强化行政问责,对失职渎职、不作为和乱作为的,要严肃追究责任。各地区、各部门对中央的决策部署要执行有力,绝不允许各自为政。各级行政机关及其公务员要自觉遵守宪法和法律,严格依法行政。切实改进行政执法工作,努力做到规范执法、公正执法、文明执法。加快建立健全决策、执行、监督相互制约又相互协调的行政运行机制。

We will work hard to improve our executive ability and earn greater public trust. We will continue to make decision making more scienti c and democratic, and ensure that all of our policies are more suitable to conditions and can stand the test of time. We will strengthen inspection and oversight of policy implementation and ensure that all orders are carried out and all prohibitions are observed. We will strengthen administrative accountability. All persons who are derelict in their duty, fail to do their jobs or do them irresponsibly will be held fully accountable. All localities and departments must implement the decisions and arrangements of the central leadership effectively, and they may never go their own way. Government agencies at all levels and their civil servants must conscientiously abide by the Constitution and laws and carry out their administrative duties in strict accordance with the law. We will effectively improve law enforcement in government administration and work to ensure that laws are enforced in a standard, fair and civil manner. We will accelerate the establishment of a sound operating mechanism for government administration, one that allows decision making, enforcement, and oversight departments to restrain and coordinate with each other.

要把反腐倡廉建设摆在重要位置,这直接关系政权的巩固。各级领导干部特别是高级干部要坚决执行中央关于报告个人经济和财产,包括收入、住房、投资,以及配偶子女从业等重大事项的规定,并自觉接受纪检部门的监督。要把查处违法违纪大案要案,作为反腐败的重要任务。充分发挥监察、审计部门的作用,加强对行政权力运行的监督。要建立健全惩治和预防腐败体系的各项制度,特别要健全公共资源配置、公共资产交易、公共产品生产等领域的管理制度,增强制度约束力。要坚持勤俭行政,反对铺张浪费,不断降低行政成本。严格控制楼堂馆所建设,禁止高档装修办公楼,加快公务接待、公车使用等制度改革,从严控制公费出国出境。切实精简会议和文件,特别要减少那些形式重于内容的会议、庆典和论坛。要深入推进政务公开,完善各类公开办事制度和行政复议制度,创造条件让人民批评政府、监督政府,同时充分发挥新闻舆论的监督作用,让权力在阳光下运行。

We will give high priority to ghting corruption and encouraging integrity. This has a direct bearing on the rmness of our grip on political power. Leading cadres at all levels, especially high-ranking ones, must resolutely implement the central leadership's regulations on reporting the main facts concerning their personal nancial situations and property, including their incomes, housing and investments, as well as the jobs of their spouses and children, and willingly accept the oversight of departments for discipline inspection. We will make investigating and prosecuting major violations of the law and discipline an important task in the ght against corruption. We will get supervision and auditing departments to fully play their role in strengthening oversight of the exercise of administrative power. We will create a sound body of regulations to prevent and punish corruption, particularly administrative regulations concerning the allocation of public resources, trade in public assets, and the production of public goods, and we will also enhance their binding force. We will run the government diligently and frugally, oppose extravagance and waste, and constantly reduce administrative costs. We will strictly control the construction of of ce buildings for Party and government bodies, prohibit extravagant remodeling of their of ce buildings, accelerate the reform of regulations concerning of cial receptions and the use of of cial cars, and rmly restrict the use of public funds for traveling abroad. We will effectively reduce the number of meetings and documents, particularly meetings, celebrations, and forums that are long on form and short on content. We will promote transparency of administrative affairs, improve regulations for transparent governance and administrative review, create conditions for the people to criticize and oversee the government, let the news media fully play their oversight role, and exercise power openly.

我们所做的一切都是要让人民生活得更加幸福、更有尊严,让社会更加公正、更加和谐。

Everything we do we do to ensure that the people live a happier life with more dignity and to make our society fairer and more harmonious.

各位代表!

Fellow Deputies,

促进民族团结,实现共同进步,是中华民族的生命、力量和希望所在。要巩固和发展平等、团结、互助、和谐的社会主义民族关系。认真落实中央支持少数民族和民族地区发展的政策措施,优先支持边疆民族地区加快发展。加快完成边境一线地区危旧房改造,实施游牧民定居工程。新型农村社会养老保险要优先在边境县、民族地区贫困县试点。加大扶持人口较少民族发展力度。继续推进兴边富民行动。重视保护少数民族文化遗产和民族地区生态环境。切实做好少数民族流动人口公共服务、就业和管理工作,保障他们的合法权益。同时,加强国家意识、公民意识教育。我们要旗帜鲜明地反对民族分裂,维护祖国统一,让少数民族和民族地区各族群众充分感受到祖国大家庭的温暖。

The Chinese nation's life, strength and hope lie in promoting solidarity achieving common progress of our ethnic groups. We must consolidate and develop socialist ethnic relations based on equality, unity, mutual assistance, and harmony. We will conscientiously implement the policies and measures of the central leadership to support development of ethic minorities and ethnic minority areas, and give high priority to supporting acceleration of the development of ethnic minority border areas. We will accelerate renovation of dilapidated buildings along our borders, and build permanent housing for nomads. Pilot programs for the new system of old-age insurance for rural residents need to be launched rst in border counties and poverty-stricken counties in ethnic minority areas, will increase our support for the development of ethnic groups with itnall populations. We will continue to bring prosperity to border areas and the people who live there. We will give high priority to protecting the cultural heritage of ethnic minorities and the ecosystems in ethnic minority areas. We will do a good job in our work concerning public services and employment for and supervision of oating populations from ethnic minorities, and protect their lawful rights and interests. In addition, we will cultivate national consciousness and the sense of citizenship. We need to take a clear-cut stand against attempts to split the nation, safeguard national unity, and get ethnic minorities and the people of all ethnic groups who live in ethnic minority areas to feel the warmth of the motherland as one large family.

我们要全面贯彻党的宗教工作基本方针,依法管理宗教事务。发挥宗教界人士和信教群众在促进经济发展和社会和谐中的积极作用。

We will fully implement the Party's basic policies on religious work, and manage religious affairs in accordance with the law. We will get religious gures and religious believers to fully play their role in promoting economic development and social harmony.

我们要认真贯彻党的侨务政策。维护海外侨胞、归侨侨眷的合法权益,支持他们传承中华文化,参与祖国现代化建设和促进和平统一大业。

We will earnestly implement the Party's policy on overseas Chinese affairs. We will safeguard the lawful rights and interests of overseas Chinese and returned overseas Chinese and their relatives, and support them in passing on Chinese culture, participating in the motherland's modernization, and promoting the great cause of peaceful reuni cation.

各位代表!

Fellow Deputies,

过去一年,国防和军队现代化建设取得新的成就。人民解放军和武警部队圆满完成国庆首都阅兵、重点地区维稳等重大任务,为维护国家安全和发展利益发挥了重要作用。新的一年,要紧紧围绕党和国家工作大局,着眼全面履行新世纪新阶段军队历史使命,按照革命化现代化正规化相统一的原则,加强军队全面建设。以增强打赢信息化条件下局部战争能力为核心,提高应对多种安全威胁、完成多样化军事任务的能力。大力加强军队思想政治建设。加快全面建设现代后勤步伐。加强国防科研和武器装备建设。依法治军、从严治军,提高军队正规化水平。积极稳妥地深化国防和军队改革。加强武警部队现代化建设,增强执勤、处置突发事件、反恐、维稳能力。加强国防动员和后备力量建设。各级政府要一如既往地关心支持国防和军队建设,巩固和发展军政军民团结。

Last year further achievements were made in the modernization of national defense mid the People's Liberation Army (PLA). The PLA and the People's Armed Police Force completed the major tasks of staging the National Day military parade in the capital and safeguarding stability in key areas, and played an important role in safeguarding the country's security and development interests. This year, we need to focus on the overall work of the Party and government and strengthen all aspects of the army in accordance with the principle of making it more revolutionary, modem, and standardized, so that it can complete its missions in this new stage and this new century. We will concentrate on making the army better able to win informationized local wars, and will enhance its ability to respond to multiple security threats and accomplish a diverse array of military tasks. We will work to strengthen the army ideologically and politically. We will accelerate the comprehensive development of a modem military logistics system. We will intensify R&D on national defense and the development of weapons and equipment. We will run the army strictly and in accordance with the law and make it more standardized. We will actively yet prudently deepen reform of national defense and the army. We will modernize improve the armed police force, and make it better able to carry out its duties, respond to emergencies, combat terrorism and safeguard stability. We will strengthen our national defense mobilization and reserve forces. Governments at all levels should, as always, care about and support the strengthening of national defense and the army, and consolidate and develop unity between the army and the government as well as between the army and the people.

各位代表!

Fellow Deputies,

我们将坚定不移地贯彻“一国两制”、“港人治港”、“澳人治澳”、高度自治的方针,全力支持香港、澳门保持长期繁荣稳定。支持香港巩固并提升国际金融、贸易、航运中心地位,发展优势产业,培育新的经济增长点。支持澳门发展旅游休闲产业,促进经济适度多元化。要认真实施珠江三角洲地区改革发展规划纲要,积极推进港珠澳大桥等大型跨境基础设施建设和珠海横琴岛开发,深化粤港澳合作,密切内地与港澳的经济联系。伟大祖国永远是香港、澳门的坚强后盾。只要特别行政区政府与各界人士同心协力,包容共济,共同维护繁荣稳定发展的大局,香港、澳门的明天一定会更加美好。

We will unswervingly implement the principle of "one country, two systems," under which the people of Hong Kong administer Hong Kong, and the people of Macao administer Macao both with a high degree of autonomy, and fully support Hong Kong and Macao in maintaining long-term prosperity and stability. We will support Hong Kong in consolidating and elevating its position as an international nancial, trade, and shipping center; developing industries with local advantages; and fostering new areas of economic growth. We will support Macao in developing its tourism and leisure industry and appropriately diversifying its economy. We will conscientiously implement the Outline of the Program for Reform and Development of the Pearl River Delta, vigorously promote the construction of the Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macao Bridge and other major cross-boundary infrastructure projects as well as the development of Zhuhai's Hengqin Island, deepen cooperation between Guangdong and the Hong Kong and Macao regions, and increase economic ties between the mainland and these two regions. The great motherland will remain a staunch supporter of Hong Kong and Macao forever. As long as the governments of the Hong Kong and Macao special administrative regions and their people from all walks of life work together; accommodate and help each other; and jointly safeguard overall prosperity, stability, and development, Hong Kong and Macao will enjoy a brighter future.

过去的一年,两岸关系在新的历史起点上取得重要进展,呈现和平发展良好势头。两岸交流合作不断深入,全面直接双向“三通”得以实现。经济关系正常化迈出重要步伐,经济合作制度化建设逐步推进。两岸关系持续改善和发展,给两岸同胞带来了实实在在的利益。

Last year relations between the two sides of the Taiwan Straits made important progress from a historic new starting point, and a positive trend toward peaceful development emerged. Cross-Straits exchanges and cooperation constantly deepened, and complete, direct, two-way mail, transport and trade links were established. We took important steps to normalize cross-Straits economic relations, and economic cooperation between the two sides gradually became institutionalized. The constant improvement and development of cross-Straits relations brought real bene ts to our compatriots on both sides.

在新的一年里,我们要继续坚持发展两岸关系、促进祖国和平统一的大政方针,牢牢把握两岸关系和平发展的主题,不断开创两岸关系和平发展新局面。密切两岸经贸金融交往,深化产业合作,支持在大陆的台资企业发展,维护台胞合法权益。鼓励有条件的大陆企业赴台投资。支持海峡西岸经济区在两岸交流合作中发挥先行先试作用。通过商签两岸经济合作框架协议,促进互利共赢,建立具有两岸特色的经济合作机制。拓展文化教育交流,共同弘扬中华文化。加强两岸民众和社会各界交流,共同分享两岸关系和平发展成果,进一步凝聚推动两岸关系和平发展的共识。坚持大陆和台湾同属一个中国,巩固两岸关系和平发展的政治基础,增强两岸政治互信。我们坚信,全体中华儿女同心协力,祖国完全统一的宏伟大业一定能够实现!

In the new year, we will continue to adhere to the principle of developing cross-Straits relations and promoting peaceful reuni cation of the motherland, rmly embrace the theme of peaceful development of cross-Straits relations and constantly create new conditions for it. We will strengthen economic, trade, and nancial contacts between the two sides; deepen industrial cooperation; support the development of Taiwan-funded enterprises on the mainland; and safeguard the lawful rights and interests of our Taiwan compatriots. We will encourage quali ed mainland enterprises to invest in Taiwan. We will support the economic zone in Fujian Province on the west coast of the Straits in playing its role in pioneering new approaches to exchanges and cooperation between the two sides. We will promote a win-win situation, set up an economic cooperation mechanism that re ects the characteristics of both sides by negotiating and signing an economic cooperation framework agreement (ECEA). We will expand cultural and educational exchanges, and work with Taiwan to promote Chinese culture. We will increase exchanges between people from all sectors of society on both sides, so that everyone can share in the fruits of the peaceful development of cross-Straits relations and more fully realize the importance of promoting peaceful development. We will uphold the principle that the mainland and Taiwan belong to one and the same China, strengthen the political foundation for the peaceful development of cross-Straits relations, and enhance mutual political trust between the two sides. We rmly believe that with the concerted efforts of the Chinese people, we will achieve the complete reuni cation of the motherland.

各位代表!

Fellow Deputies,

过去的一年,外交工作取得新的重大成绩。我国积极参加应对国际金融危机、气候变化等国际合作,在一系列重大多边会议上发挥了独特的建设性作用。我们积极开展全方位外交,与各大国、周边国家和广大发展中国家的对话合作稳步推进。大力加强人文等领域外交。有效维护我国公民和法人在海外的合法权益。

We achieved new, important results in our diplomatic work last year. We actively participated in international cooperation to respond to the global nancial crisis and climate change, and played a unique, constructive role in a series of major multilateral conferences. We energetically carried out all-round diplomacy, and made steady progress in dialogue and cooperation with major powers, neighboring countries, and developing countries. We greatly strengthened diplomacy in all elds, including cultural diplomacy. We effectively safeguarded the lawful rights and interests of Chinese nationals and corporations overseas.

新中国外交走过了60年光辉历程,在国际舞台上留下了闪光足迹。我们将继续发扬光荣传统,始终高举和平、发展、合作旗帜,坚持独立自主的和平外交政策,坚持走和平发展道路,奉行互利共赢的开放战略,推动建设持久和平、共同繁荣的和谐世界,为我国现代化建设创造良好的外部环境。新的一年,我们将继续以20国集团金融峰会等重大多边活动为主要平台,积极参与国际体系变革进程,维护发展中国家利益。统筹协调好双边外交与多边外交、国别区域外交与各领域外交工作,推动我国与各大国、周边国家和发展中国家的关系全面深入发展。紧紧抓住中国-东盟自贸区全面建成、上海合作组织召开峰会等契机,积极推进区域合作。进一步做好应对气候变化、能源资源合作等方面的对外工作,在妥善解决热点问题和全球性问题中发挥建设性作用。中国政府和人民愿与国际社会携手努力,共同应对风险挑战,共同分享发展机遇,为世界和平与发展作出新贡献!

With a splendid, 60-year diplomatic history, New China has left shining footprints on the international stage. We will carry forward our ne traditions; always hold high the banner of peace, development, and cooperation; adhere to an independent foreign policy of peace and the path of peaceful development; pursue an open strategy of mutual bene t; promote the building of a harmonious world with durable peace and common prosperity; and create a favorable external environment for China's modernization. In the new year, we will continue to use the G20 nancial summit and other major multilateral activities as our main platforms for actively participating in the process of change in the international system and safeguarding the interests of developing countries. We will make overall plans for coordinating bilateral and multilateral diplomacy as well as diplomacy with individual countries and regions and in various elds, and promote further, comprehensive development of our relations with major powers, neighboring countries, and developing countries. We will take advantage of the opportunities offered by the completion of the ASEAN-China free trade zone and the Shanghai Cooperation Organization summit to actively promote regional cooperation. We will continue to carry out diplomatic work in climate change, energy and resource cooperation, and other areas, and play a constructive role in nding proper solutions to hot issues and global problems. The Chinese government and people stand ready to work with the international community to respond to risks and challenges, share development opportunities, and make new contributions to world peace and development.

各位代表!

Fellow Deputies,

艰辛成就伟业,奋斗创造辉煌。让我们在以胡锦涛同志为总书记的党中央领导下,凝聚起亿万人民的智慧和力量,再接再厉,开拓进取,全面完成“十一五”规划的各项任务,不断夺取改革开放和社会主义现代化建设事业的新胜利!

Hardship gives birth to great causes, and arduous struggle results in glorious achievements. Under the leadership of the Party Central Committee with Comrade Hu Jintao as General Secretary, let us pool the wisdom and strength of the hundreds of millions of our people; redouble our efforts to break fresh ground; complete all the tasks set forth in the Eleventh Five-Year Plan; and constantly win new victories in reform, opening up, and socialist modernization.

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